Dietz WH, Gortmaker SL. New Strategies to Prioritize Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity Interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2016 Apr 26. pii: S0749-3797(16)30069-1.
Interventions for obesity have not often been based on considerations that could predict their effectiveness. However, advances in research provide several new approaches that can inform priorities for public health interventions directed at nutrition, physical activity, and obesity. These approaches include estimation of the effect size, comparison of the calorie gap with the caloric deficit induced by the intervention, population reach and impact, cost and cost effectiveness of the intervention, time required to evaluate the effect of the intervention on weight change, and feasibility of the intervention. Incorporation of these considerations by policymakers and public health practitioners will help identify those interventions most likely to achieve changes in the prevalence of obesity.