The information in this resource is intended only to provide educational information. This profile describes the estimated benefits, activities, resources, and leadership needed to implement a strategy to improve child health. This information can be useful for planning and prioritization purposes.
- A sugary drink excise tax is an excise tax assessed on manufacturers, bottlers, and/or distributors of sugary drinks based on the size of the sugary beverage distributed to consumers. This profile is specific to a sugary drink excise tax of 1 cent per ounce.
What population benefits?
All youth and adults ages 2 years and older.
What are the estimated benefits?
Relative to not implementing the strategy
Reduce sugary drink purchases and consumption, as a result, decrease energy intake and, ultimately, promote healthy weight. Saves more in future health care costs than it costs to implement.
What are the additional benefits?
Relative to not implementing the strategy
↓ Decrease in tooth decay
↓ Decrease in diabetes incidence
The costs of implementing this strategy could be offset by savings from…
↓ Decrease in dental costs
What activities and resources are needed?
|Administer the excise tax||• Time for government tax agent to administer tax, including notifying taxpayers, updating systems and forms, processing tax statements, and conducting audits||Government tax agency and staff|
|Prepare tax statements and comply with audits||• Time for private industry accountant to prepare tax submissions and comply with audits||Private industry accountant|
Some state and local health agencies added to this strategy the costs of developing and implementing communications campaigns to further promote the tax among distributors and the public. This would require additional time to develop and distribute communication materials and the additional cost of materials.
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Gortmaker SL, Claire Wang Y, Long MW, Giles CM, Ward ZJ, Barrett JL, Kenney EL, Sonneville KR, Afzal AS, Resch SC, Cradock AL. Three interventions that reduce childhood obesity are projected to save more than they cost to implement [supplemental appendix]. Health Affairs, 34, no. 11 (2015):1304-1311. Available at: https://www. healthaffairs.org/doi/suppl/10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0631/suppl_file/2015-0631_gortmaker_ appendix.pdf
Selected CHOICES research brief including cost-effectiveness metrics:
Gouck J, Whetstone L, Walter C, Pugliese J, Kurtz C, Seavey-Hultquist J, Barrett J, McCulloch S, Reiner J, Garrone M, Cradock AL, Gortmaker S. California: A Sugary Drink Excise Tax. California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, CA, the County of Santa Clara Public Health Department, San Jose, CA, and the CHOICES Learning Collaborative Partnership at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; March 2021. Available at: https://choicesproject.org/publications/report-california-sugary-drink-excise-tax/
McKinnon A, Ward Z, Barrett J, Cradock AL, Resch S, Flax C, and Gortmaker S. Utah: Sugary Drink Tax. Salt Lake County Health Department, Salt Lake City, UT, and the CHOICES Learning Collaborative Partnership at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; December 2019. Available at: https://choicesproject.org/ publications/report-utah-sugary-drink-tax
- Access the UConn Rudd Center Revenue Calculator for Sugary Drink Taxes here.
- For more information about sugary drink reduction policies, see: Krieger J, Bleich S, Scarmo S, Wen Ng S. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Policies: Progress and Promise. Ann Rev Public Health. 2021;42(1):439-461. doi:10.1146/annurevpublhealth-090419-103005
Explore and compare this strategy with other strategies on the CHOICES Childhood Obesity National Action Kit here.
CHOICES Strategy Profile: Sugary Drink Excise Tax. CHOICES Project Team at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; April 2022.
This work is supported by The JPB Foundation and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U48DP006376). The information provided here is intended to be used for educational purposes. Links to other resources and websites are intended to provide additional information aligned with this educational purpose. The findings and conclusions are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or other funders.
Adapted from the TIDieR (Template for Intervention Description and Replication) Checklist
©2015 President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. The CHOICES name, acronym and logo are marks of the President and Fellows of Harvard College.
To browse more resources like this, check out our Community of Practice!