Modeled Output 
Definition 
CostEffectiveness Metrics 

ObesityRelated Health Care CostsĀ  Over 10 years, the amount of obesityrelated health care costs saved. This includes cost by all payers (private, outofpocket and government). 
Net Costs (Negative means savings) 
This is a cumulative measure of total cost impact. Net cost equals total health care costs saved over 10 years minus the total cost to implement the intervention over 10 years. 
Health Care Costs Saved Per $1 Invested (10 year total) 
The amount saved in health care cost for every dollar spent to implement the intervention over 10 years. 
Intervention Cost per BMI Unit Reduction per Person, $  The cost per person affected to reduce a BMI unit. 
Net Cost per Year with Obesity Prevented  The total cost impact (including implementation costs, implementation cost savings and health care cost savings) to prevent someone living with obesity for a year. 
QualityAdjusted Life Years (QALYs) Gained  The number of QualityAdjusted Life Years (QALYs) gained in 10 years due to the intervention. The QALYs measure accounts for both length and quality of life. 
Net Cost per QualityAdjusted Life Year (QALY) Gained  If intervention costs less than the health care costs saved, it is considered a ācostsavingā intervention. If it costs more to implement than is saved in health care costs, this metric equals the amount it costs to gain each additional QALY. 
Net Cost per Life Year Gained (If intervention costs more than health care costs saved) 
If intervention costs less than the health care costs saved, it is considered a ācostsavingā intervention. If it costs more to implement than is saved in health care costs, this metric equals the amount it costs to gain each additional year of life. 
Net Cost per Death Prevented (If intervention costs more than health care costs saved) 
If intervention costs less than the health care costs saved , it is considered a ācostsavingā intervention. If it costs more to implement than is saved in health care costs, this metric equals the amount it costs to prevent each death. 
Cost 

Annual Intervention Cost  Annual average cost to implement intervention during the 10 years modeled. These costs include government and private sector expenses. 
Cost per Person (10 year total) 
The cost per person affected to implement this intervention over 10 years. This includes cost by all payers (government, private sector, nonprofit, individual/family). 
Reach 

First Year Population Reach*  The number of people affected by the intervention immediately. 
Ten Year Population Reach*  The number of people directly affected by the intervention over the ten years of modeling. 
Effect 

Decrease in 12oz Servings of SugarSweetened Beverages (SSBs) per Person in the First Year*  Projected decrease in average consumption per adult and child of sugarsweetened beverages in 12ounce servings due to the intervention in the first year after the tax goes into effect. 
Total Decrease in Gallons of SugarSweetened Beverages (SSBs) Consumed in the First Year*  Projected decrease in total consumption by adults and children of sugarsweetened beverages in gallons due to the intervention in the first year after the tax goes into effect. 
Intervention Effect, 1yr BMI Change  The average BMI unit reduction per person affected by the intervention. 
Cases of Obesity Prevented, Thousands* (In the final year of the model) 
In the final year of the model, the difference in the projected number of people with obesity if there had been no intervention, and the projected number of people with obesity with the intervention. 
Cases of Child Obesity Prevented, Thousands* (In the final year of the model) 
The difference in the projected number of children with obesity in the final year of the model if there had been no intervention, and the projected number of children with obesity in the final year of the model with the intervention. 
Cases of Diabetes Prevented* (For interventions focusing on reducing sugary beverage consumption) 
The number of adults who would not develop Type2 diabetes (diagnosed) because of the projected reductions in sugarsweetened beverage intake due to the intervention. 
Years with Obesity Prevented, Thousands (10 year total) 
The total number of personyears lived without obesity. This measure sums up portions of years lived without obesity across all the persons in the model, comparing the result for the population exposed to the intervention with the population not exposed to the intervention. 
Life Years Gained  The total number of years of life that are gained by the intervention. 
Deaths Prevented*  The total number of deaths that the intervention prevents due to reductions in obesity over 10 years. 
All metrics reported for the population over a 10year period and discounted at 3% per year, unless otherwise noted.Ā Definitions for these modeled outputs are all written assuming thatĀ an intervention is implemented.Ā
* Not discounted.