Obesity Prevalence

Group 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030
Overall 23.8 (22.6-25.2) 29.4 (28.7-30.2) 35.9 (35.2-36.5) 42.9 (41.6-44.1) 50.0 (47.8-52.1)
Males 21.6 (19.8-23.3) 27.2 (26.1-28.4) 33.8 (33.0-34.6) 41.1 (39.2-42.7) 48.6 (45.3-51.3)
Females 26.0 (24.3-27.7) 31.6 (30.5-32.6) 37.9 (37.1-38.7) 44.7 (43.0-46.5) 51.6 (48.9-54.5)
White, non-Hispanic 21.8 (20.5-23.1) 27.5 (26.7-28.4) 34.2 (33.6-34.8) 41.5 (40.1-42.8) 49.0 (46.7-51.2)
Black, non-Hispanic 36.8 (33.2-40.4) 41.9 (39.9-43.8) 47.5 (45.9-49.1) 53.4 (50.2-56.8) 59.2 (54.2-64.3)
Hispanic 27.8 (23.4-32.5) 33.8 (31.2-36.5) 40.6 (38.8-42.4) 47.8 (43.9-51.8) 54.8 (48.0-61.3)
Other, non-Hispanic 16.6 (12.2-21.5) 17.8 (15.4-20.4) 19.3 (17.5-21.1) 21.0 (17.3-25.4) 23.1 (16.7-31.2)
Income: Less than $20k 27.4 (25.1-29.8) 34.1 (32.6-35.5) 41.5 (40.1-42.8) 49.3 (46.6-51.8) 56.8 (52.8-60.6)
Income: $20k to $50k 25.3 (23.4-27.5) 31.3 (30.2-32.5) 38.3 (37.3-39.2) 45.8 (43.7-47.9) 53.4 (49.9-56.7)
Income: $50k or more 19.4 (17.6-21.0) 25.6 (24.5-26.6) 33.2 (32.4-34.0) 41.9 (40.3-43.7) 50.9 (48.1-54.1)
NOTES:

• Data shown in the table are estimated means with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)

• Obesity is defined as a BMI value that is greater than 30

• Severe obesity is defined as a BMI value that is greater than 35

 

Severe Obesity Prevalence

Group 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030
Overall 8.3 (7.5-9.1) 11.5 (11.0-12.0) 15.5 (15.0-16.0) 20.3 (19.2-21.5) 25.5 (23.5-27.7)
Males 6.1 (5.2-7.1) 8.6 (8.0-9.3) 11.9 (11.4-12.5) 16.0 (14.5-17.5) 20.7 (17.8-23.5)
Females 10.4 (9.4-11.7) 14.3 (13.6-15.1) 19.1 (18.4-19.7) 24.5 (22.9-26.1) 30.4 (27.5-33.0)
White, non-Hispanic 7.5 (6.8-8.4) 10.5 (10.0-11.1) 14.3 (13.8-14.8) 18.9 (17.6-20.1) 23.9 (21.6-26.3)
Black, non-Hispanic 14.0 (11.8-16.5) 18.8 (17.3-20.3) 24.4 (22.9-25.8) 30.6 (27.5-33.6) 37.0 (31.8-41.9)
Hispanic 8.7 (6.3-11.5) 12.2 (10.4-14.1) 16.7 (15.4-18.1) 22.0 (18.6-25.6) 27.7 (21.7-34.1)
Other, non-Hispanic 4.6 (2.8-7.0) 5.5 (4.3-7.0) 6.7 (5.7-7.9) 8.2 (5.8-10.7) 10.0 (5.8-15.2)
Income: Less than $20k 12.1 (10.3-13.9) 16.1 (14.9-17.4) 20.9 (19.7-22.0) 26.1 (23.6-28.7) 31.5 (27.5-35.7)
Income: $20k to $50k 8.5 (7.4-9.6) 12.3 (11.6-13.1) 17.3 (16.5-18.1) 23.3 (21.4-25.2) 29.7 (26.5-32.9)
Income: $50k or more 5.4 (4.6-6.4) 8.5 (7.9-9.2) 12.9 (12.4-13.5) 18.6 (17.0-20.2) 25.1 (22.1-28.3)
NOTES:

• Data shown in the table are estimated means with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)

• Obesity is defined as a BMI value that is greater than 30

• Severe obesity is defined as a BMI value that is greater than 35


All tables and charts based on data from: 

Ward ZJ, Bleich SN, Cradock AL, Barrett JL, Giles CM, Flax CN, Long MW, Gortmaker SL. Projected U.S. State-Level Prevalence of Adult Obesity and Severe Obesity. N Engl J Med. 2019;381:2440-50. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1909301

Read a summary

Read the abstract